Toyota Tacoma manuals

Toyota Corolla Repair Manual: Description

1. Radio wave band

The radio wave bands used in radio broadcasting are as follows:

Lf: low frequency

Lf: low frequency
mf: medium frequency
hf: high frequency
vhf: very high frequency

2. Service area

  1. There are great differences in the size of the service area for am and fm broadcasting. Sometimes fm stereo broadcast cannot be received even through am can be received very clearly.

    Not only does fm stereo have the smallest service area, but it also picks up static and other types of interference (noise) easily.

3. Reception problems


: besides the problem of static, there are also the problems called fading, multipath and fade out. These problems are caused not by electrical noise but by the nature of the radio waves themselves.

  1. Fading besides electrical interference, am broadcasts are also susceptible to other types of interference, especially at night. This is because am radio waves bounce off the ionosphere at night. These radio waves then interfere with the signals from the same transmitter that reach the vehicles antenna directly. This type of interference is called fading.

  1. Multipath interference caused by reflection of radio waves against obstructions is called multipath. Multipath occurs when radio signals emitted from the broadcast transmitter antenna are reflected against tall buildings or mountains and interferes with other signals which is to be received directly.

  1. Fade out because of the frequency higher than that of am, fm radio wave tends to be reflected against obstructions such as tall buildings or mountains. For this reason, fm signals often seems to gradually disappear or fade away as the vehicle goes behind those obstructions. This phenomenon is called fade out.

4. Noise problems

  1. It is very important for noise troubleshooting to understand a customers claim clearly. Use the following table to diagnose the phenomenon.

Radio wave

Condition in which noise occurs

Probable cause

Am Noise occurs at a specific place. Strong possibility of foreign noise.
Noise occurs when listening to faint broadcasting. The same program may be broadcasted from some local stations.

If the program is the same, one of those may be tuned in.

Fm Noise occurs only at night. Strong possibility of beat from a distant broadcasting.
Noise occurs at a specific place during driving. Strong possibility of multipath noise and fading noise caused by changes of fm frequency.


: if the condition where the noise occurs does not meet any of the above, find out the cause based on reception problems. Refer to the description about multipath and fading mentioned previously. 5. Compact disc player

  1.  compact disc (hereafter called cd) players use a laser beam pickup to read the digital signals recorded on the cd and reproduce analog signals of the music, etc. There are 4.7 In. (12 Cm) and 3.2 In. (8 Cm) discs available for the cd player.


: never attempt to disassemble or oil any part of the player unit. Do not insert any object other than a disc into the magazine.


: cd players use an invisible laser beam which could cause hazardous radiation exposure. Be sure to operate the player correctly as instructed.

6. Maintenance

Tape player/head cleaning:

Tape player/head cleaning:

  1.  raise the cassette door with your finger.

    Using a pencil or similar object, push in the guide.

  2.  using a cleaning pen or cotton applicator soaked in cleaner, clean the head surface, pinch rollers and capstans.

7. Maintenance

Cd player/disc cleaning:

Cd player/disc cleaning:

If the disc gets dirty, clean the disc by wiping the surface from the center to outside in the radial directions with a soft cloth.


: do not use a conventional record cleaner or antistatic preservative.

8. Communication system

  1.  components in the audio system communicate each other though avclan.
  2.  the master component of avclan is the radio receiver assy with a resistance (60 80 w), which is necessary for communication.
  3. when short circuit or circuit breakdown occurs in the avclan circuit, the audio system does not operate normally due to the communication cutoff.

9. Diagnosis function

  1. the audio system has diagnosis function (the diagnosis result is displayed on the lcd of the radio receiver assy).
  2.  the component code (physical address), or threedigit number (in hexadecimal) is set for each component comprising avclan.
  3.  the logical address, or twodigit number (in hexadecimal) is set for each function and component unit in each component.
Audio system

How to proceed with troubleshooting
1 Vehicle brought to workshop 2 Customer problem analysis 3 Check and clear dtc 4 Problem symptom confirmation Symptom does not occur (go to step 5) 5 Symptom simulation 6 Dtc check ...

Other materials:

1. Remove engine under cover rh 2. Drain coolant 3. Remove fan and generator v belt 4. Remove generator assy Disconnect the wire clamp from the wire clip on the rectifire end frame.  remove the rubber cap and nut, and disconnect the alternator wire.  disconnect the ...

Rear view monitor system precautions
■ Area displayed on screen The rear view monitor system displays an image of the view from the bumper of the rear area of the vehicle. To adjust the image on the rear view monitor system screen. The area displayed on the screen may vary according to vehicle orientation conditions. ...

1. Cooling fan relay Inspect the cooling fan relay continuity.  Using an ohmmeter, check that there is continuity between terminals 1 and 2. If there is no continuity, replace the relay.  Check that there is no continuity between terminals 3 and 5. If there is conti ...

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