Toyota Corolla (E120): Circuit description

When a misfire occurs in the engine, hydrocarbons (hc) enter the exhaust in high concentrations. If this hc concentration is high enough, there could be an increase in exhaust emissions levels. High concentrations of hc passing through the catalyst also cause to temperature of the catalyst to increase, possibly damaging the catalyst. To prevent this increase in the emissions and limit the possibility of thermal damage, the ecm monitors the misfire rate. When the temperature of the catalyst reaches a point of thermal degradation, the ecm will blink the mil. For monitoring misfire, the ecm uses both the camshaft position sensor and crankshaft position sensor. The camshaft position sensor is used to identify misfiring cylinders and the crankshaft position sensor is used to measure variations in the crankshaft rotation speed. The misfire counter increments when crankshaft rotation speed variations exceed threshold values.

The ecm illuminates the mil if the misfiring rate exceeds a threshold value and could cause emissions deterioration.

Hint:

Hint

: when codes for a misfiring cylinder are recorded repeatedly but no random misfire code is recorded, it indicates that the misfires have been detected and recorded at different times.

Reference: inspection using oscilloscope with the engine idling, check the waveform between terminals #10 to #40 and e01 of the ecm connectors.

Hint

: the correct waveform is as shown.

Monitor description

Monitor description

The ecm illuminates the mil if the misfiring rate exceeds a threshold value

The ecm illuminates the mil if the misfiring rate exceeds a threshold value and could cause emissions deterioration.

The ecm will illuminate the mil when the percent misfire exceeds the specified limit per 1,000 engine revolutions.

One occurrence of excessive misfire during engine start will set the mil. Four occurrences are required to set the mil 1,000 revolutions after engine start. (2 Trip detection logic) the mil blinks when ”percent misfire causing catalyst damage” per 200 revolution met 3 times (1 time if the engine rpm is in high speed range). (Mil blinks immediately)

Monitor strategy

Typical enabling conditions

Typical enabling conditions

Typical malfunction thresholds

Typical malfunction thresholds

Wiring diagram

Wiring diagram

Refer to dtc p0351  for the wiring diagram of the ignition system.

Confirmation driving pattern

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