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Toyota Corolla Repair Manual: Mass or volume air flow circuit

Toyota Corolla Repair Manual / Diagnostics / Sfi system / Mass or volume air flow circuit

Dtc p0100 mass or volume air flow circuit

Dtc p0102 mass or volume air flow circuit low input

Dtc p0103 mass or volume air flow circuit high input

Circuit description

The maf (mass air flow) sensor measures the amount of air flowing through the throttle valve. The ecm uses this information to determine the fuel injection time and provide a proper airfuel ratio. Inside the maf sensor, there is a heated platinum wire exposed to the flow of intake air.

By applying a specific current to the wire, the ecm heats this wire to a given temperature. The flow of incoming air cools the wire and an internal thermister, changing their resistance. To maintain a constant current value, the ecm varies the voltage applied to these components in the maf sensor. The voltage level is proportional to the airflow through the sensor and the ecm interprets this voltage as the intake air amount.

The circuit is constructed so that the platinum hot wire and the temperature sensor provides a bridge circuit, with the power transistor controlled so that the potential of a and b remains equal to maintain the set temperature.

Hint:

Hint

: after confirming dtc p0100, p0102 or p0103, confirm the mass air flow ratio in the diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / data list / all using the handheld tester or the obd ii scan tool.

Monitor description

Monitor description

If there is a defect in the sensor or an open or short circuit, the voltage level will deviate outside the normal operating range. The ecm interprets this deviation as a defect in the maf sensor and sets a dtc.

Example: when the sensor voltage output is less than 0.2 V or more than 4.9 V and if either the condition continues for more than 3 seconds.

Monitor strategy

Typical enabling conditions

Typical enabling conditions

Typical malfunction thresholds

Typical malfunction thresholds

Component operating range

Component operating range

Wiring diagram

Wiring diagram

Inspection procedure

Inspection procedure

Hint

: read freeze frame data using the hand-held tester or the obd ii scan tool. Freeze frame data records the engine conditions when a malfunction is detected. When troubleshooting, it is useful for determining whether the vehicle was running or stopped, the engine was warmed up or not, the airfuel ratio was lean or rich, etc. At the time of the malfunction.

1 Read value of handheld tester or obd ii scan tool(mass air flow rate)

  1. Connect the handheld tester or the obd ii scan tool to the dlc3.
  2.  start the engine.
  3.  push the handheld tester or the obd ii scan tool main switch on.
  4.  select the item diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / data list / all / maf and read its value displayed on the handheld tester or the obd ii scan tool.

Result:

*1: The value must be changed when the throttle valve is opened or closed.

*1: The value must be changed when the throttle valve is opened or closed.

2 Inspect mass air flow sensor(power source)

2 Inspect mass air flow sensor(power source)

  1. Turn the ignition switch on.
  2.  disconnect the m1 mass air flow sensor connector.
  3.  measure the voltage between the terminal of the wire harness side connector and body ground.

Standard:

Standard:

  1. Reconnect the mass air flow sensor connector.

3 Inspect ecm(vg voltage)

3 Inspect ecm(vg voltage)

  1. Start the engine.
  2.  measure the voltage between the terminals of the e4 ecm connector.

Hint:

Hint

: the shift position should be p or n and the a/c switch should be turned off. Standard:

4 Check harness and connector(mass air flow sensor  ecm)

4 Check harness and connector(mass air flow sensor ecm)

  1. Disconnect the m1 mass air flow sensor connector.
  2.  disconnect the e4 ecm connector.
  3.  check the resistance between the wire harness side connectors.

Standard (check for open):

Standard (check for open):

Standard (check for short):

Standard (check for short):

  1. Reconnect the mass air flow sensor connector.
  2.  reconnect the ecm connector.

Replace mass air flow sensor

Replace mass air flow sensor

5 Check harness and connector(mass air flow sensor efi relay)

  1. Remove the efi relay from the engine room r/b.
  2.  disconnect the m1 mass air flow sensor connector.
  3. check the resistance between the wire harness side connectors.

Standard (check for open):

Standard (check for open):

Standard (check for short):

Standard (check for short):

  1. Reconnect the mass air flow sensor connector.
  2.  reinstall the efi relay.

Check for ecm power source circuit

Check for ecm power source circuit

6 Inspect ecm(sensor ground)

  1. Check the resistance between the terminals of the e4 ecm connector.

Standard:

Standard:

7 Check harness and connector(mass air flow sensor  ecm)

7 Check harness and connector(mass air flow sensor ecm)

  1. Disconnect the m1 mass air flow sensor connector.
  2.  disconnect the e4 ecm connector.
  3.  check the resistance between the wire harness side connectors.

Standard (check for open):

Standard (check for open):

Standard (check for short):

Standard (check for short):

  1. Reconnect the ecm connector.
  2.  reconnect the mass air flow sensor connector.

Replace mass air flow sensor

Replace mass air flow sensor

Inspection procedure
Hint: if different dtcs related to different systems that have terminal e2 as the ground terminal are output simultaneously, terminal e2 may be open. Read freeze frame data using the hand-h ...

Mass or volume air flow circuit range/performance problem
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